Chicago is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles. With 2.7 million residents, it is the most populous city in both the U.S. state of Illinois and the American Midwest. – Wikipedia

  • Nicknamed the “Windy City” and “Second City.” according to the United States National Climatic Data Center, Chicago does not rank high on the list of windy cities. The origin of the saying Windy City comes from politics; some saying it may have been coined by rivals like New York City as a derogatory reference; at the time the two cities were battling for the 1893 World’s Fair, which Chicago ultimatley won. Others say that the term originated from the city’s strong political climate.
  • which refers to its rebuilding after the fireThe name “Chicago” is derived from a French rendering of the Native American word shikaakwa, translated as “wild onion” or “wild garlic”, from the Miami-Illinois language
  • Chicago is made up of 77 community areas containing more than 100 neighborhoods
  • Chicago has 26 miles of lakefront, 36 annual parades, 19 miles of lakefront bicycle paths, and 552 parks

 

Population: 2.719 million (2013)

  • 32% black (including Hispanics)
  • 45% white (31% non Hispanic white + 14% white Hispanics)
  • 5% Asian (including Hispanics)
  • 3% from two or more races (including Hispanics)
  • 21.7% are foreign born
  • Ethnic makeup:
      • 28% Hispanic (of any race)
      • 72% belong to non Hispanic background(of any race)
      • Irish: (201,836)
      • German: (200,392)
      • Polish: (179,868)
      • Italian: (96,599)
      • English: (60,307)
  • Chicago is the home of United States President Barack Obama
  • International hub for finance, commerce, industry, technology, telecommunications, and transportation
  • O’Hare International Airport being the busiest airport in the world
  • Headquarters to many multinational companies such as McDonalds, Boeing, Walgreens, Abbott Labs, Sears, United Airlines, Kraft, Allstate
  • Most buildings within the downtown Chicago were destroyed by the Great Chicago Fire in 1871.  The most famous exception is the Water Tower.

 

  • Chicago was home to the world’s first skyscraper, the Home Insurance Company, was built in 1885

 

  • Willis Tower (formerly the Sears Tower) is the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere at 110 stories high

 

  • Frank Lloyd Wright began his professional career in Chicago and established the Prairie School architectural style.  There are over 100 buildings in the Chicago area built by Frank Lloyd Wright, many in Hyde Park/Kenwood, Oak Park, and Rogers Park.

Transportation

 

General Information:

  • Cityofchicago http://www.cityofchicago.org/city/en.html